E.M. Hemingway (1898-1961) was a very famous and Nobel Prize winner author. He was also known for his rugged outdoor pursuits.
His father, Dr. Clarence Hemingway was a physician. Ernest was born at the Oak Park, Illinois, U.S.A. on 21st July 1898. He studied at a public school, but never attended university.
For one year he worked for Kansas City star as a reporter. In the initial stages of the World War I, he joined Italian army as an ambulance driver. He worked on the war front and also was wounded in the war.
Hemingway liked to live an adventurous life. He preferred tough and often violent outdoor assignments that of war correspondent, soldier or hunter. After World War I he lived in Paris as a foreign correspondent. Gertrude stein and Ezra Pound left an impression on his writing and he developed his original terse and clipped style. His Paris experience resulted in his first successful novel, ‘The Sun Also Rises’, which was about young expatriate American living in Paris. It was recognized as a classic of American literature.
Another of his classic work is ‘A Farewell to Arms’, which is a story of love and war based on his own war experiences. Along with these early novels he had also penned many short stories, which were published in 1938 as ‘The First Forty Nine Stories’.
As he was an outdoorsman, his many days were spent in game hunting in Africa and also witnessing bullfights in Spain. These were reflected in ‘Green hills of Africa’ and ‘The Death in the Afternoon’, respectively. His other famous works are ‘The Fifth Column’, ‘For Whom the Bells Toll’, ‘Men Without Women’ etc. He did not write much during the period of Second World War.
In 1952 his famous work ‘The Old Man and The Sea’, which is about the lonely struggle of an old fisherman, received critical praise. He was given the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and was honoured with the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.
His personal life was probably not very happy. He was married four times. In 1961 he committed suicide by shooting himself at his home in Idaho, U.S.A.
|ERNEST HEMINGWAY AND ADRIANA IVANCICH|