Rashtrapita or the Father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) needs no introduction. Bapuji gave our country freedom from the British rule, by his Satyagraha and nonviolent fight.
Mohandas karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbander, Gujrat on 2nd October 1869. His father was a Diwan of a princely state. Since childhood, Mohandas was truthful, punctual and a person of great integrity. After completing his schooling, he studied in a college at Bhavnagar. He was married to Kasturba when he was 13.
He passed the Bar-at-law from England in 1891. Later he was offered work at South Africa. There the humiliating treatment given by the whites to the Indians and the other coloured people shocked him. He fought this injustice by launching non-violent agitations against the white rulers.
After returning to India, he traveled around the country on his political mentor, Gopal Krishna Gokhale’s advice. He got to know the people and their problems. He got involved in the freedom struggle. He then fought for the rights of the indigo farmers of Chamapaner in Bihar.
Gandhiji always fought for the truth (Satyagraha) and followed the path of non-violence. He called for a nationwide protest against the unjust Rowlatt act. After the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he launched the Non-cooperation movement. Students, government employees, everyone joined this by boycotting the government institutions and officec. Foreign goods were burnt in bon fires and only Swadeshi was used. But because of a violent incidence at Chauri Chaura, Gandhiji called off the movement.
Then he took the next step against the British with the Civil Disobedience Movement. In March 1930 he walked the Dandi Yatra to break the Salt act. He attended the Round Table Conference in England in 1931, but it wasn’t successful.
In 1942 he launched the ‘Quit India Movement’. Satyagrahas and protests were organized all over the country. British tried to suppress the movement and that resulted in violent incidences. During the freedom struggle, Gandhiji was arrested and imprisoned on several occasions. His wife died in the Agha Khan Palace jail in 1944.
Finally the British agreed to withdraw their rule. But along with the independence came the partition of India and Pakistan, which resulted in violent communal riots. Gandhiji tried to calm the flames of riots. But while on his way to prayer meeting on 30th January 1948, he was shot by a fanatic Nathuram Godse.
|Gandhiji with Jinnah in 1944|
|Gandhiji and Pandit Nehru|
|Gandhi with Follower|
|Mahatma Gandhi with wife kasturba|