Now industries are flourishing all over the country. But the one, who made the beginning of the industrial development more than 100 years ago, was Jamshetji Tata. He was the pioneers of the Indian Industry. He wasn’t only an industrialist, but also a nationalist and a humanist.
Jamshetji (1839-1904) was the son of Nasarvanji Tata, who was a trader of jute. In the 19th century India was under the British rule so all the cloth came from England. But Jamshetji set up a cloth mill in Nagpur. This, in a way, could be said as a beginning of ‘swadeshi’.
He was a farsighted visionary. He had realized that for the proper development of the industries in India, it was essential to start an iron and steel industry. He worked on the project. He advised his sons, not only about the industry, but also about the planning of the city around it. He could not live to see the city of his dreams take shape. But three years after his death, his sons, Sir Dorabji and Sir Ratanji, built up the steel city of India, Jamshedpur, in 1907. Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited is the largest company in India with assets of over five thousand crores.
This was not the only industry set up by Jamshedji. He planned a hydroelectric project in Bombay, but this too took shape only after his death. He also founded the Taj Hotel in Bombay. It was the most magnificent and luxurious hotel of its time. It was completed in 1903 and almost 4.21 crores were spent on building it.
He also recognized the importance of education and the need of development in the field of science. So he started the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. He set up JN Tata Endowment Trust, which helped the students with scholarships to study abroad. He created wealth, which he used for the betterment of his country and its people.
Jamshedji Tata expired in 1904 in Germany.
|Hotel Taj built by Jamshedji Tata|
|Tata Family rare Photo. Ratan Tata's Family B/W Photo|
|Tata Steel Plant|